Center for Nanosystems Chemistry


Selected Publications

108 In memory of Professor Siegfried Hünig

       F. Zhang, K. Radacki, H. Braunschweig, C. Lambert, P. Ravat *
      Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. 2021, first published: 17 August 2021
       Zinc-[7]helicenocyanine and Its Discrete π-Stacked Homochiral Dimer
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.202109380

107 T. He, M. Stolte, Y. Wang, R. Renner, P. P. Ruden, F. Würthner, C. D. Frisbie
      Nature Materials, first published: 30 August 2021
       Site-specific chemical doping reveals electron atmospheres at the surfaces of organic semiconductor crystals
    DOI: 10.1038/s41563-021-01079-z

106 Pavel Malý and Tobias Brixner
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., first published 2021
      In memory of Professor Siegfried Hünig
       Flourescence-Detected Pump-Probe Spectroscopy
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.202102901

105 J. H. Kim, A. Liess, M. Stolte, A.-M. Krause, V. Stepanenko, C. Zhong, D. Bialas, F. Spano, F. Würthner
       Adv. Mat., first published: 31 May 2021
       An Efficient Narrowband Near-Infrared at 1040 nm Organic Photodetector Realized by Intermolecular Charge Transfer Mediated Coupling Based on a Squaraine Dye
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.202100582

104 T. Schembri, J. H. Kim, A. Liess, V. Stepanenko, M. Stolte, F. Würthner
       Adv. Opt. Mat., first published: 13 May 2021
       Semitransparent Layers of Social Self-Sorting Merocyanine Dyes for Ultranarrow Bandwidth Organic Photodiodes
    DOI: 10.1002/adom.202100213

103 M. Weh, J. Rühe, B. Herbert, A.-M. Krause, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., first published: 28 April 2021
       Deracemization of Carbohelicenes by a Chiral Perylene Bisimide Cyclophane Template Catalyst
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.202104591

102 S. Ivanova, E. Köster, J. J. Holstein, N. Keller, G. H. Clever, T. Bein and F. Beuerle
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2021, accepted
       Isoreticular crystallization of Highly Porous Cubic Covalent Organic Cage Compounds
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.202102982

101 C.-A. Shen, D. Bialas, M. Hecht, V. Stepanenko, K. Sugiyasu, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., first published: 10 March 2021
       Polymorphism in squaraine dye aggregates by self‐assembly pathway differentiation: Panchromatic tubular dye nanorods versus J‐aggregate nanosheets
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.202102183

100 N. Schäfer, M. Bühler, L. Heyer, M. I. S. Röhr and F. Beuerle
       Chem. Eur. J. 2021
       Endohedral Hydrogen Bonding Templates the Formation of a Highly Strained Covalent Organic Cage Compound
    DOI: 10.1002/chem.202005276

90 R. Sánchez-Naya, V. Stepanenko, K. Mandel and F. Beuerle
     Org. Mater. 2021, 3, 17-24
     Modulation of Crystallinity and Optical Properties in Composite Materials Combining Iron Oxide Nanoparticles and Dye-  Containing Covalent Organic Frameworks
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1722655

89 M. Hecht, F. Würthner
     Acc. Chem. Res. 2020
     Supramolecularly Engineered J-Aggregates Based on Perylene Bisimide Dyes
   DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.0c00590

88 J. Full, S. P. Panchal, J. Gӧtz, A.-M. Krause, A. Nowak-Król
     Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2020
     Modular synthesis of organoboron helically chiral compounds: cutouts from extended helices
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.202014138

87 G. Ouyang, L. Ji, Y. Jiang, F. Würthner, M.Liu
     Nature Communications 2020
     Self-assembled Möbius strips with controlled helicity
   DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-19683-z

86 M. Wehner, M. Röhr, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
     Nature Communications 2020
     Control of self-assembly pathways toward conglomerate and racemic supramolecular polymers
   DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-19189-8

85 B. Pigulski, K. Shoyama, F. Würthner
     Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2020 / Angew. Chem. 2020
     NIR-Absorbing π‐Extended Azulene: Non‐Alternant Isomer of Terrylene Bisimide
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.202005376

84 A. Nowak-Król, B. Koszarna, M. Kreszewsky, T. D. Lohrey, J. Arnold, D. T. Gryko
     Org. Lett. 2020
     Access to Corrole-Appended Persubstituted Benzofurans by a Multicomponent Reaction: The Dual Role of p-Chloranil
   DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.0c03133

83 M. Stolte, R. Hecht, Z. Xie, L. Liu, C. Kaufmann, A. Kudzus, D. Schmidt, F. Würthner
     Adv. Opt. Mater. 2020
     Crystal Engineering of 1D Exciton Systems Composed of Single- and Double-Stranded Perylene Bisimide J-Aggregates
   DOI: 10.1002/adom.202000926

82 Z. Wu, J. Nitsch, J. Schuster, A. Friedrich, K. Edkins, M. Loebnitz, F. Dinkelbach, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner, C. Marian, L. Ji, T. Marder
     Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2020 / Angew. Chem. 2020
     Persistent Room Temperature Phosphorescence from Triarylboranes: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.202007610

81 M. Hecht, P. Leowanawat, T. Gerlach, V. Stepanenko, M. Stolte, M. Lehmann, F. Würthner
     Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2020 / Angew. Chem. 2020
     Self-Sorting Supramolecular Polymerization: Helical and Lamellar Aggregates of Tetra-Bay-Acyloxy Perylene Bisimide
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.202006744

80 C. Rehhagen, M. Stolte, S. Herbst, M. Hecht. S. Lochbrunner, F. Würthner, F. Fennel.
      J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2020
      Exciton Migration in Multistranded Perylene Bisimide J-Aggregates
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.0c01669

79 M. Stolte, T. Schembri, J. Süß, D. Schmidt, A.-M. Krause, M. Vysotsky, F. Würthner
     Chem. Mater. 2020
     1-Mono- and 1,7-Disubstituted Perylene Bisimide Dyes with Voluminous Groups at Bay Positions: In Search for Highly Effective Solid-State Fluorescence Materials
   DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c02115

78 F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. / Angew. Chem. 2020
      Aggregation-Induced Emission (AIE): A Historical Perspective
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.202007525

77 M. Mahl, K. Shoyama, A.-M. Krause, D. Schmidt, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. / Angew. Chem. 2020
      Base-Assisted Imidization: A Synthetic Method for the Introduction of Bulky Imide Substituents to Control Packing and Optical Properties of Naphthalene and Perylene Imides
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.202004965

76 Y. Xu, J. Zhen, J. Lindner, X. Wen, N. Jiang, Z. Hu, L. Liu, F. Huang, F. Würthner, Z. Xie
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. / Angew. Chem. 2020
      Consecutive Charging of a Perylene Bisimide Dye by Multistep Low-Energy Solar-Light-Induced Electron Transfer Towards H2 Evolution
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.202001231

75 P. P. N. Syamala, F. Würthner
      Chem. Eur. J. 2020
      Modulationofthe Self-Assemblyofp-AmphiphilesinWaterfrom Enthalpy- to Entropy-Driven by Enwrapping Substituents
   DOI: 10.1002/chem.202000995

74 M. Hecht, P. Leowanawat, T. Gerlach, V. Stepanenko, M. Stolte, M. Lehmann, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chemie Int. Ed./Angew. Chem. 2020
      Self-Sorting Supramolecular Polymerization into Helical or Lamellar Aggregates of Tetra-Bay-Acyloxy Perylene Bisimide
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.202006744

73 W. Kim, T. KIm, S. Kang, Y. Hong, F. Würthner, D. Kim
      Angew. Chemie Int. Ed./Angew. Chem. 2020
      Tracking Structural Evolution during Symmetry-Breaking Charge Separation in Quadrupolar Perylene Bisimide with Time-Resolved Impulsive Stimulated Raman Spectroscopy
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.202002733

72 Y. Hong, J. Kim, W. Kim, C. Kaufmann, H. Kim, F. Würthner, D. Kim
      J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2020
      Efficient Multiexciton State Generation in Charge-Transfer-Coupled Perylene Bisimide Dimers via Structural Control
   DOI: 10.1021/jacs.0c00870

71 H.-W. Schmidt, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chemie Int. Ed./Angew. Chem. 2020
A Periodic System of Supramolecular Elements
   DOI: 10:1002/anie.201915643

70  X. Hu, J. Lindner, F. Würthner
      J . Am. Chem. Soc., 2020
      Stepwise Folding and Self-Assembly of a Merocyanine Folda-Pentamer
   DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b12599

69  M. Wehner, F. Würthner
      Nature Reviews Chemistry, 2020, 4, 38-53
      Supramolecular polymerization through kinetic pathway control and living chain growth.
   DOI: 10.1038/s41570-019-0153-8

68  S. Ponomarenko, N. Surin, M. Skorotetcky, O. Borshchev, S. Pisarev, E. Svidchenko, Y. Fedorov, F. Molins, T. Brixner
      J. Mater. Chem. C, 2019, 7, 14612-14624
      Ultrafast intramolecular energy transfer in a nanostructured organosilicon luminophore based on p-terphenyl and 1,4-bis(5-phenyloxazol-2-yl)benzen
   DOI: 10.1039/C9TC04472H

67  M. Hecht, T. Schlossarek, M. Stolte, M. Lehmann, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2019, 58 12979-12983
       Photoconductive Core–Shell Liquid‐Crystals of a Perylene Bisimide J‐Aggregate Donor–Acceptor Dyad
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.201904789

66  X. Wen, A. Nowak-Król, O. Nagler, F. Kraus, N. Zhu, N. Zheng, M. Müller, D. Schmidt, Z. Xie, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2019, 58 13051-13055
      Tetrahydroxy‐Perylene Bisimide Embedded in a Zinc Oxide Thin Film as an Electron‐Transporting Layer for High‐Performance Non‐Fullerene Organic Solar Cells
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.201907467

65  K. Shoyama, F. Würthner
      J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2019, 141(33) 13008-13012
      Synthesis of a Carbon Nanocone by Cascade Annulation
   DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b06617

64  W. Wagner, M. Wehner, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
      J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2019, 141(30) 12044--12054
      Supramolecular Block Copolymers by Seeded Living Polymerization of Perylene Bisimides
   DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b04935

63  A. Liess, A. Arjona-Esteban, A. Kudzus, J. Albert, A. Krause, A. Lv, M. Stolte, K. Meerholz, F. Würthner
      Advanced Functional Materials, 2019, 29(21) 1805058 (1-9)
      Organic Electronics: Ultranarrow Bandwidth Organic Photodiodes by Exchange Narrowing in Merocyanine H‐ and J‐Aggregate Excitonic Systems
   DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201970144

62  T. Stennett, P. Bissinger, S. Griesbeck, S. Ullrich, I. Krummenacher, M. Auth, A. Sperlich, M. Stolte, K. Radacki, C. Yao, F. Würthner, A. Steffen, T. Marder, H. Braunschweig
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2019, 58 6449-6454
      Near‐Infrared Quadrupolar Chromophores Combining Three‐Coordinate Boron‐Based Superdonor and Superacceptor Units
   DOI: 10.1002/anie.201900889

61  E. Kirchner, D. Bialas, F. Fennel, M. Grüne, F. Würthner
      J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2019, 141(18) 7428--7438
      Defined Merocyanine Dye Stacks from a Dimer up to an Octamer by Spacer-Encoded Self-Assembly Approach
   DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b01835

60  M. Wehner, M. Röhr, M. Bühler, V. Stepanenko, W. Wagner, F. Würthner
      J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2019, 141(14) 6092--6107
      Supramolecular Polymorphism in One-Dimensional Self-Assembly by Kinetic Pathway Control
   DOI: 10.1021/jacs.9b02046

59  M. Sapotta, A. Hofmann, D. Bialas, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2019, 58 3516 –3520
      A Water-Soluble Perylene Bisimide Cyclophane as a Molecular Probe for the Recognition of Aromatic Alkaloids
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201813559

58 T. He, P. Leowanawat, C. Burschka, V. Stepanenko, M. Stolte, F. Würthner
     Advanced Materials, 2018, 30 1804032-1804039
      Impact of 2‐Ethylhexyl Stereoisomers on the Electrical Performance of Single‐Crystal Field‐Effect Transistors
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.201804032

57  V. Grande, C-A. Shen, M. Deiana, M. Dudek, J. Olesiak-Banska, K. Matczyszyn, F. Würthner
       Chem.  Sci., 2018, 9, 8375 – 8381
       Selective parallel G-quadruplex recognition by a NIR-to-NIR two-photon squaraine
     DOI: 10.1039/C8SC02882F

56  S. Herbst, B. Soberats, P. Leowanawat, M. Stolte, M. Lehmann, F. Würthner
      Nat. Comm. 2018, 9, 2646 – 2654
      Self-assembly of multi-stranded perylene dye J-aggregates in columnar liquid crystalline phases
    DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-05018-6

55  J. Dostál, F. Fennel, F. Koch, S. Herbst, F. Würthner, T. Brixner
      Nat.Comm. 2018, 9, 2466-2473
      Direct Observation of Exciton–Exciton Interactions  
    DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04884-4

54  C. Kaufmann, W. Kim, A. Nowak-Król, Y. Hong, Dongho Kim and Frank Würthner
      J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2018,140, 4253-4258
      Ultrafast Exciton Delocalization, Localization and Excimer Formation Dynamics in a Highly Defined
      Perylene Bisimide Quadruple π-Stack
     DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b11571

53  S. Ogi, C. Grzeszkiewicza, F. Würthner
      Chem. Sci. 2018, 9, 2768-2773
      Pathway complexity in the self-assembly of a zinc chlorin model system of natural
      bacteriochlorophyll J-aggregates
    DOI: 10.1039/C7SC03725B

52   B. Gole, V. Stepanenko, S. Rager, M. Grüne, D. D. Medina, T. Bein, F. Würthner, F. Beuere
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2018, 57, 846–850;
Chem. Dt. Ed. 2018, 130, 856 –860
       Microtubular Self-Assembly of Covalent Organic Frameworks
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201708526

51  W. Wagner, M. Wehner, V. Stepanenko, S. Ogi, F. Würthner     
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 16008–16012;
      Angew. Chem. Dt. Ed. 2017, 129, 16224–16228
      Living Supramolecular Polymerization of a Perylene Bisimide Dye into Fluorescent J-Aggregate

   DOI: 10.1002/anie.201709307

50  V. Kunz,  J. O. Lindner,  M. Schulze, M. I. S. Röhr, D. Schmidt,  R. Mitrić, F. Würthner
      Energy Environ. Sci. 2017, 10, 2137–2153
      Cooperative water oxidation catalysis in a series of trinuclear metallosupramolecular ruthenium

    DOI: 10.1039/c7ee01557g

49  A. Nowak-Król, M. Röhr,  D. Schmidt, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed 2017, 56, 11774–11778;
      Angew. Chem. Dt. Ed 2017, 129, 11936–11940
      Crystalline ϖ-Stack Containing Five Stereoisomers: Insights into Conformational Isomorphism,
      Chirality Inversion and Disorder

    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201705445

48  B. Soberats, M. Hecht, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. 2017, 129, 10911–10914;
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
2017, 56, 10771–10774
      Diketopyrrolopyrrole Columnar Liquid-Crystalline Assembly Directed by Quadruple Hydrogen Bonds
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201705137

47  R. Hecht, J. Kade, D. Schmidt, A. Nowak-Król
      Chem. Eur. J. 2017, 23,11620 –11628
      n-Channel Organic Semiconductors Derived from Air-Stable Four-Coordinate Boron Complexes
      of Substituted Thienylthiazoles
    DOI:  10.1002/chem.201701922

46  V. Kunz, D. Schmidt, M. Röhr, R. Mitric,  F. Würthner    
       Adv. Energy Mater. 2017, 7, 1602939
      Supramolecular Approaches to Improve the Performance of Ruthenium-Based Water Oxidation  Catalysts  
     DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201602939

45   Z. Chen, Y. Liu, W. Wagner, V. Stepanenko, X. Ren, S. Ogi, F. Würthner
       Angewandte Chemie 2017, 129, 5823–5827;
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 5729–2733
       Near-IR Absorbing J-Aggregate of an Amphiphilic BF2-Azadipyrromethene Dye by Kinetic 
       Cooperative Self-Assembly

44  S. Seifert, K. Shoyama, D. Schmidt, F. Würthner
      Angew.Chem. Int. Ed. 2016, 55, 6390 –6395
      An Electron-Poor C64 Nanographene by Palladium-Catalyzed Cascade
      C–C Bond Formation: One Pot Synthesis and Single-Crystal Structure Analysis
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201601433

43   F. Würthner, C. R. Saha-Möller, B. Fimmel, S. Ogi, P. Leowanawat, D. Schmidt
       Chem. Rev. 2016, 116, 962–1052
       Perylene Bisimide Dye Assemblies as Archetype Functional Supramolecular Materials
     DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.5b00188

42  Y. Wu, R. M. Young, M. Frasconi, S. T. Schneebeli, P. Spenst, D. M. Gardner,
      K. E. Brown, F. Würthner, J. Fraser Stoddart, M. R. Wasielewski
      J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 13236–13239
      Ultrafast Photoinduced Symmetry-Breaking Charge Separation and Electron Sharing
      in Perylenediimide Molecular Triangles
    DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b08386

41  A. Arjona-Esteban, J. Krumrain, A. Liess, M. Stolte, L. Huang, D. Schmidt,
      V. Stepanenko, M. Gsänger, D. Hertel, K. Meerholz, F. Würthner
      J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 13524–13534
      Influence of Solid-State Packing of Dipolar Merocyanine Dyes on Transistor
      and Solar Cell Perfomances
    DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b06722

40  J. Sung, P. Kim, B. Fimmel, F. Würthner, D. Kim
      Nat. Commun. 2015, 6, 8646
      Direct Observation of Ultrafast Coherent Exciton Dynamics in Helical pi-Stacks of Self-
      Assembled Perylene Bisimides
    DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9646

39  S. Klotzbach, F. Beuerle
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 10356-10360
      Shape-Controlled Synthesis and Self-Sorting of Covalent Organic Cage Compounds
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201502983

38  V. Parthasarathy, R. Pandey, M. Stolte, S. Ghosh, F. Castet, F. Würthner, P. K. Das,
      M. Blanchard-Desce
      Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21, 14211–14217
      Combination of Cyanine Behaviour and Giant Hyperpolarisability in Novel
      Merocyanine Dyes: Beyond the Bond Lenght Alternation (BLA) Paradigm
    DOI: 10.1002/chem.201501800

37  P. Nuernberger, S. Ruetzel, T. Brixner
      Angew. Chem. 2015, 127, 11526-11546;
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 11368-11386
      Multidimensional Electronic Spectroscopy of Photochemical Reactions
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201502974

36  A. Lv, M. Stolte, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. 2015, 127, 10658–10661;
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 10512–10515
      Head-to-Tail Zig-Zag Packing of Dipolar Merocyanine Dyes Affords High-Performance
      Organic Thin-Film Transistors
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201504190

35  P. Spenst, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. 2015, 127, 10303–10306;
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 10165–10168
      A Perylene Bisimide Cyclophane as a "Turn-On" and "Turn-Off" Fluorescence Probe

34  V. Stepanenko, R. Kandanelli, S. Uemura, F. Würthner, G. Fernández.
      Chem. Sci., 2015, 6, 5853
      Concentration-dependent rhombitrihexagonal tiling patterns
      at the liquid/solid interface
    DOI: 10.1039/C5SC00811E 

33   P. D. Frischmann, V. Kunz, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2015, 127, 7393–7397;
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 7285–7289
       Bright Fluorescent and Host-Guest Sensing with a Nanoscale M4L6 Tetrahedron
       Accessed by Self-Assembly of Zinc-Imine Chelate Vertices and Perylene Bisimide
     DOI: 10.1002/anie.201501670

32  D. Görl, X. Zhang, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
      Nat. Commun. 2015, 6,  7009
      Supramolecular Block Copolymers by Kinetically Controlled Co-Self-Assembly of
      Planar and Core-Twisted Perylene Bisimides
    DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8009

31  S. Ogi, V. Stepanenko, K. Sugiyasu, M. Takeuchi, F. Würthner
      J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 3300–3307
      Mechanism of Self-Assembly Process and Seeded Supramolecular Polymerization of
      Perylene Bisimide Organogelator
    DOI: 10.1021/ja511952c

30  S. Seifert, D. Schmidt, F. Würthner
      Chem. Sci. 2015, 6, 1663–1667
      An Ambient Stable Core-Substituted Perylene Bisimide Dianion: Isolation and Single
      Crystal Structure Analysis
    DOI: 10.1039/c4sc03671a

29  M. Schulze, A. Steffen, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. 2015, 127, 1590–1593;
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 1570–1573
      Near-IR Phosphorescent Ruthenium(II) and Iridium(III) Perylene Bisimide Metal
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201410437

28   T. He, M. Stolte, C. Burschka, N. H. Hansen, T. Musiol, D. Kälblein, J. Pflaum, X. Tao,
       J. Brill, F. Würthner
       Nat. Commun. 2015, 6, 5954
       Single-Crystall Field-Effect Transistors of new CI2-NDI Polymorph Processed
       by Sublimation in Air
     DOI: 10.1038/ncommus6954

27   V. Kunz, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
       Chem. Commun. 2015, 51, 290–293
       Embedding of a Ruthenium(II) Water Oxidation Catalyst into Nanofibers
       via Self-assembly
     DOI: 10.1039/c4cc08314h

26   S. Klotzbach, T. Scherpf, F. Beuerle
       Comm. Comm, 2014, 50, 12454-12457
       Dynamic covalent assembly of tribenzotriquinacenes into molecular cubes 

25   S.-L. Suraru, F. Würthner
       Angew.Chem.2014, 7428–7448
       Strategies for the Synthesis of Functional Naphthalene Diimides
     DOI: 10.1002/anie.201309746

24  W. Yue, S-L. Suraru, D. Bialas, M. Müller, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. 2014, 126, 6273–6276; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 6259–6162
      Synthesis and Properties of a New Class of Fully Conjugated Azahexacene
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201403227

23  A. Issac, R. Hildner, C. Hippius, F. Würthner, J. Köhler
      ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 2, 1708–1717      
      Stepwise Decrease of Fluorescence versus Sequential Photobleaching in a
      Single Multichromophoric System      
    DOI: 10.1021/nn4060946

22  Z. Xie, V. Stepanenko, B. Fimmel, F. Würthner
      Mater. Horiz. 2014, 1, 355-359    
      An Organogelator Design without Solubilizing Side Chains by Backbone Contortion of a
      Perylene Bisimide Pigment
    DOI: 10.1039/c3mh00159h

21  M. Gsänger, E. Kirchner, M. Stolte, C. Burschka, V. Stepenenko, J. Pflaum,
      F. Würthner
      J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2014, 136, 2351-2362
      High-Performance Organic Thin-Film Transistors of J-Stacked Squaraine Dyes

20  X. Zhang, D. Görl, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. 2014, 126, 1294–1298; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 1270–1274
      Hierarchical Growth of Fluorescent Dye Aggregates in Water by Fusion of Segmented
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201308963

19  C. Rest, M. J. Mayoral, K. Fucke, J. Schellheimer, V. Stepanenko, G. Fernández
      Angew. Chem. 2014, 126, 716–722;
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 700–705
      Self-Assembly and (Hydro)gelation Triggered by Cooperative pi-pi and Unconventional
      CH⋅X Hydrogen Bonding Interactions
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201307806

18  A. J. Jeménez, M-J. Lin, C. Burschka, J. Becker, V. Settels, B. Engels, F. Würthner
      Chem. Sci. 2014, 5, 608–619
      Structure–property relationships for 1,7-diphenoxy-perylene bisimides in solution
      and in the solid state
    DOI: 10.1039/c3sc52344f

17  S. Sengupta, F. Würthner
      Acc. Chem. Res. 2013, 46, 2498–2512
      Chlorophyll J-Aggregates: From Bioinspired Dye Stacks to Nanotubes, Liquid Crystals,
      and Biosupramolecular Electronics
    DOI: 10.1021/ar400017u

16  K. Mahata, P. D. Frischmann, F. Würthner
      J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 15656–15661
      Giant Electroactive M4L6 Tetrahedral Host Self-Assembled with Fe(II) Vertices and
      Perylene Bisimide Dye Edges
    DOI: 10.1021/ja/4083039

15  C. Shao,  M. Stolte, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. 2013, 125, 10657–10661;
      Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 52, 10463–10467
      Backbone-Directed Perylene Dye Self-Assembly into Oligomer Stacks
     DOI: 10.1002/ange.201305894

14  C. Shao, M. Stolte, F. Würthner
      Angew. Chem. 2013, 125, 7630–7634; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 52, 7482–7486
      Quadruple pi Stacks of Two Perylene Bisimide Tweezers: A Bimolecular Complex
      with Kinetic Stability
    DOI: 10.1002/anie.201302479

13  V. Stepanenko, X-Q. Li, J. Gershberg, F. Würthner
     Chem. Eur. J. 2013, 19, 4176–4183
     Evidence for Kinetic Nucleation in Helical Nanofiber Formation Directed by Chiral
     Solvent for a Perylene Bisimide Organogelator

12  A. Zitzler-Kunkel, M. R. Lenze, K. Meerholz, F. Würthner
     Chem. Sci. 2013, 4, 2071–2075
     Enhanced photocurrent generation by folding-driven H-aggregate formation
   DOI: 10.1039/c3sc502633

11  P. Frischmann, K. Mahata, F. Würthner
     Chem. Soc. Rev. 2013, 42, 1847–1870
     Powering the Future of Molecular Artificial Photosynthesis with Light-Harvesting
     Metallosupramolecular Dye Assemblies
   DOI: 10.1039/c2cs35223k

10  M. J. Mayoral. C. Rest, V. Stepanenko, J. Schellheimer, R. Albuquerque, G. Fernández
     J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 2148–2151
     Cooperative Supramolecular Polymerization driven by Metallophilic Pd-Pd Interactions

9  M-J. Lin, À. J. Jimenéz, C. Burschka, F. Würthner
    Chem. Commun. 2012, 48, 12050–12052
    Bay-substituted perylene bisimide dye with an undistorted planar scaffold and
    outstanding solid state fluorescence properties
  DOI: 10.1039/c2cc36719j

8  C. Shao, M. Grüne, M. Stolte, F. Würthner
    Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 13665–13677
    Perylene Bisimide Dimer Aggregates: Fundamental Insight into Self-Assembly by
    NMR and UV/Vis Spectroscopy

7  S. Sengupta, D. Ebeling, S. Patwardhan, X. Zhang, H. v. Berlepsch, C. Böttcher,
    V. Stepanenko, S. Uemura, C. Hentschel, H. Fuchs, F. C. Grozema, L. D. A. Siebbeles,
    A. R. Holzwarth, L. Chi, F. Würthner
    Angew. Chem. 2012, 124, 6486–6488; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2012, 51, 6378–6382
    Biosupramolecular Nanowires from Chlorophyll Dyes with Exceptional
    Charge-Transport Properties  
  DOI: 10.1002/anie.201201961

6  D. Görl, X. Zhang, F. Würthner
    Angew. Chem. 2012, 124, 6434–6455; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2012, 51, 6328–6348
    Molecular Assemblies of Perylene Bisimide Dyes in Water
  DOI: 10.102/ange.201108690

5  U. Mayerhöffer, F. Würthner
    Angew. Chem. 2012, 124, 5713–5717; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2012, 51, 5615–5619
    Halogen-Arene Interactions Assist in Self-Assembly of Dyes

4  Z. Xie, V. Stepanenko, K. Radacki, F. Würthner
    Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 7060–7070
    Chiral J-Aggregates of Atropo-Enentiomeric Perylene Bisimides and Their
    Self-Sorting Behavior

3  M. J. Mayoral Muñoz, G. Fernández
    Chem. Sci. 2012, 3, 1395–1398
    Metallosupramolecular amphiphilic pi-systems
  DOI: 10.1039/c2sc01101h

2  V. Dehm, M. Büchner, J. Seibt, V. Engel, F. Würthner         
    Chem. Sci
. 2011, 2, 2094–2100; cover picture November 2011
    Foldamer with a spiral perylene bisimide staircase aggregate structure

1  M. M. Safont-Sempere, G. Fernández, F. Würthner
    Chem. Rev. 2011, 111, 5784–5814
    Self-Sorting Phenomena in Complex Supramolecular Systems